Physics Colloquium: The Movement to Create New Marie Curies: K-12 STEM Education for Girls, 1965-Today

One of the most distinctive developments in science and engineering from 1965 to the present is a revolution in ideas about who can and should enter STEM. Fifty years ago, many ridiculed or dismissed any idea of women handling such subjects. Today, campaigns to encourage young women’s STEM participation attract multi-million-dollar, high-profile support. This paper explores the rise of the “girls’ STEM movement,” its successes as well as the obstacles to change, and its significance to American science and engineering.